Urban Sharing Organisations
The unit of analysis is urban sharing organisations in city context (Curtis and Lehner, 2019, Defining the Sharing Economy for Sustainability):
· that share physical assets (tangibles, no consumables or food);
· that share idling or under-utilised goods acquired for “own” use;
· that are mediated by ICT creating two- or multi-sided markets;
· that are rivalrous, i.e. when the use of shared good prevents others from using it at the same time;
· where access is offered as an alternative to ownership;
· where sharing takes place among strangers (not the traditional sharing among family and friends).
Urban sharing organisations differ depending on:
· the types of goods that are shared: housing, mobility and physical goods;
· the nature of shared goods: private, public, open source;
· the type of interaction among participants: peer-to-peer (individuals, businesses and public organisations);
· the motivation for sharing: pecuniary, non-pecuniary, or reciprocal;
· financial mechanisms they employ: transaction fee, tiered subscription plans, flat memberships, and many others.
This multitude of possible set-ups allows for a range of value creation models, which have implications for environmental, economic and social sustainability of urban sharing organisations. The Urban Sharing research programme will provide unique international empirical evidence about design and operations of urban sharing organisations in diverse city contexts that creates foundation for further research on emerging phenomenon of urban sharing.