The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics (IIIEE) hosted its biannual IIIEE Alumni Network Conference May 18 - 19, 2017. On Friday, May 19th, Steven, PhD student and Urban Sharing team member, presented during the session "Urban Mobility = Shared Mobility?". In the session, Steven elaborated on the different types of car sharing business models and their relation to the sharing economy. In particular, he argued that station-based and free-floating models may or may not constitute sharing, depending on the constellation of business actors and business model design. In particular, based on recent experience in Berlin, he argued that companies like DriveNow and Car2Go, backed by BMW and Daimler respectively, more resemble car rental companies and those business models that are a part of access-based consumption or product-service systems. However, in comparison, Drivy, a peer-to-peer platform, is more likely to be considered part of the sharing economy.

Regardless of how you define car sharing, Steven presented data from Berlin that demonstrates just how marginal car sharing is in relation to other transport modes. 

PUBLIC TRANSIT: 3.7 million rides per day
BIKE: 1.7 million rides per day
CAR SHARING: 15,000 rides per day

Furthermore, there are approximately 1.4 million cars in Berlin, of which, approximately 3,000 are involved in any car sharing scheme.

The session was organised by Ella Rebalski, Researcher at RISE Victoria. Further inputs were provided by Christian Brandt (Executive Director of OGO Car Share Co-op in British Columbia, Canada) and Brayton Noll (Recent MESPOM Graduate). The session led to discussions on the potential of cooperative car sharing models and the importance of context in providing sustainable urban mobility solutions. Namely, participants concluded that car sharing should be seen as a part of the model mix of public transport. 

The entire Urban Sharing team took part in the activities surrounding the IIIEE Alumni Network Conference. It is always rewarding and enjoyable to reconnect with inspiring change-makers now working across the world. Moreover, our discussions have lead to future collaborations and further insights in our ongoing research in sharing economy. 

[1] Personal Communication, April 5, 2017